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Sub practice
Sub practice

Fund Finance

Allen & Overy’s global fund finance practice has extensive experience in advising banks, agents, alternative lenders and investment fund managers on a broad range of upstream and downstream facilities.

Our lawyers bring in-depth technical and commercial knowledge to a wide range of lending structures across the fund finance spectrum. Working alongside specialist lawyers in our real asset (including private equity, real estate, transportation and infrastructure), tax and regulatory teams, we offer an exceptional breadth of experience and as a result our clients benefit from our clear understanding of the current legal and commercial issues relevant to all parties in fund finance transactions.

A particular strength is our ability to offer specialists across our global fund finance practice and in the key areas of finance, fund establishment, tax and regulatory. These specialists frequently work together on financing transactions involving different types of assets across multiple jurisdictions. We regularly work on facilities with European (including UK and Luxembourg) and offshore (including Channel Islands and Cayman Islands) entities. We have a deep understanding of the issues relevant both for financiers and also for funds and their investors.

We advise clients on

Asset backed facilities (NAV based)

Asset backed facilities (NAV based)

A facility provided to a fund which is intended to have full recourse to the underlying investments (and the cash flows and distributions related to them) of the fund. A NAV facility will be backed by the assets of the relevant fund, which may be its equity or other partnership interests it owns (for example, for secondary funds or "fund-of-funds" borrowers) or its underlying loan portfolio (in the case of a direct lending fund). Lending to a direct lending fund may have many similarities with a CLO structure and we are familiar with the issues where such a facility is to be structured as a securitisation.
Capital call and subscription credit facilities

Capital call and subscription credit facilities

A type of bridge facility, usually short-term, entered into by the fund in order to assist in providing funding pending a close of the fund or in achieving investment objectives and to manage the timing and administration of investor drawdowns. The lender’s risk is on the creditworthiness of the fund investors and will generally include security over the uncalled investor commitments and related bank account security.
Fund due diligence for lenders

Fund due diligence for lenders

Our fund formation team regularly advise lenders, investors and fund managers in connection with reviews of fund documents. This can be as part of the usual diligence on a financing transaction or as part of a wider portfolio review exercise.
Hybrid facilities

Hybrid facilities

A facility which looks down at the underlying assets (as for an asset backed facility) as well as requiring there to be headroom in the undrawn commitments of investors.

These can be:

  • ‘true’ hybrid facilities, including full security and credit analysis on the investors, the funds assets and underlying cashflows; or
  • a variant on a capital call facility with an additional net asset value covenant inserted which will take effect once the ratio of undrawn investor commitments to financial indebtedness reaches a particular level.
Umbrella facilities

Umbrella facilities

A facility whereby a lender provides separate loans to multiple borrowers under one facility agreement thereby allowing the parties to agree just one set of documents for numerous facilities. Likely to be of use for individual borrowers who are under common management and/or are part of a wider fund structure. Many of the terms of the facility will be common to all borrowers but investor specific terms (such as advance rates, concentration limits and loan amounts) can be different. Each borrower will usually be severally liable for its own borrowings under these facilities.

News & insights

Singapore Legal Update - January 2020

Publications: 20 JANUARY 2020

MAS consultations on the regulation of digital payment tokens

The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) has issued three new consultations each dealing with different aspects of the regulation of digital payment tokens (DPTs) under the Payment Services Act (PSA). It has also recently clarified that where a DPT may be characterized as either a debenture or as e-money, its policy approach will be to regulate it as e-money. Note that the PSA will come into force on 28 January 2020.

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Singapore company wound up in the U.S not allowed to block enforcement of charge over its shares

Publications: 20 JANUARY 2020

Singapore company wound up in the U.S not allowed to block enforcement of charge over its shares

In a recent case, the High Court had to consider whether to apply a moratorium to the enforcement of a share charge taken over the shares in a Singapore company where that company was subject to insolvency proceedings in the United States. It held that it had no basis to do so under section 259 of the Companies Act which renders void a transfer of shares in company made after the commencement of a winding up by the Singapore Court as that section did not apply to a foreign proceedings.

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Ground level view of a modern high-rise building

Publications: 02 DECEMBER 2019

Important clarifications for the Luxembourg fund industry on AML CFT requirements

Taking into account the results of the Luxembourg national risk assessment which classifies the fund industry as high ML/FT risk, the CSSF clarifies that Luxembourg regulated funds, like Luxembourg investment fund managers (IFMs), are required to appoint two persons in charge of AML/CFT. 

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Silvertown tunnel

News: 26 NOVEMBER 2019

Financing of approximately GBP1 billion for Silvertown Tunnel reaches financial close

Allen & Overy has advised a consortium involving Aberdeen Standard Investments, BAM PPP PGGM, Cintra, Macquarie and SK Group in connection with the design, building, financing, maintenance and operation of the Silvertown Tunnel, a twin-bored tunnel under the River Thames between the Greenwich peninsula and Silvertown. Through the ownership by the consortium of RiverLinx Limited, Silvertown is being developed as a public-private partnership with TfL.

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